Happy Birthday Laura! Love ya, Me
December 18 Today’s History:
1787 – New Jersey became the third state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
1796 – The “Monitor,” of Baltimore, MD, was published as the first Sunday newspaper.
1862 – The first orthopedic hospital was organized in New York City. It was called the Hospital for Ruptured and Crippled.
1865 – Slavery was abolished in the United States with the 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution being ratified.
1898 – A new automobile speed record was set at 39 mph (63 kph).
1903 – The Panama Canal Zone was acquired ‘in perpetuity’ by the U.S. for an annual rent.
1912 – The U.S. Congress prohibited the immigration of illiterate persons.
1912 – The discovery of the Piltdown Man in East Sussex was announced. It was proved to be a hoax in 1953.
1915 – U.S. President Wilson, widowed the year before, married Edith Bolling Galt at her Washington home.
1916 – During World War I, after 10 months of fighting the French defeated the Germans in the Battle of Verdun.
1917 – The Eighteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was passed by the U.S. Congress.
1935 – A $1 silver certificate was issued for the first time in the U.S.
1936 – Su-Lin, the first giant panda to come to the U.S. from China, arrived in San Francisco, CA. The bear was sold to the Brookfield Zoo for $8,750.
1940 – Adolf Hitler signed a secret directive ordering preparations for a Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union. Operation “Barbarossa” was launched in June 1941.
1944 – The U.S. Supreme Court upheld the wartime relocation of Japanese-Americans, but also stated that undeniably loyal Americans of Japanese ancestry could not be detained.
1950 – NATO foreign ministers approved plans to defend Western Europe, including the use of nuclear weapons, if necessary.
1953 – WPTZ, in Philadelphia, PA, presented a Felso commercial, it was the first color telecast seen on a local station.
1956 – “To Tell the Truth” debuted on CBS-TV.
1956 – Japan was admitted to the United Nations.
1957 – The Shippingport Atomic Power Station in Pennsylvania went online. It was the first nuclear facility to generate electricity in the United States. It was taken out of service in 1982.
1963 – Ron Clarke set a world record when he ran six miles in 28 minutes and 15.6 seconds.
1965 – Kenneth LeBel jumped 17 barrels on ice skates.
1969 – Britain’s Parliament abolished the death penalty for murder.
1970 – Divorce became legal in Italy.
1972 – The United States began the heaviest bombing of North Vietnam during the Vietnam War. The attack ended 12 days later.
1973 – The IRA launched its Christmas bombing campaign in London.
1979 – The sound barrier was broken on land for the first time by Stanley Barrett when he drove at 739.6 mph.
1983 – Wayne Gretzky (Edmonton Oilers) scored his 100th point in the 34th game of the season.
1984 – Christopher Guest and Jamie Lee Curtis were married.
1987 – Ivan F. Boesky was sentenced to three years in prison for plotting Wall Street’s biggest insider-trading scandal. He only served about two years of the sentence.
1996 – Despite a U.N. truce, factional fighting in the Somali capital of Mogadishu, broke out in which at least 300 fighters and civilians were killed.
1998 – The U.S. House of Representatives began the debate on the four articles of impeachment concerning U.S. President Bill Clinton. It was only the second time in U.S. history that process had begun.
1998 – Russia recalled its U.S. ambassador in protest of the U.S. attacks on Iraq.
1998 – South Carolina proceeded with the U.S.‘ 500th execution since capital punishment was restored.
1999 – After living atop an ancient redwood in Humboldt County, CA, for two years, environmental activist Julia “Butterfly” Hill came down, ending her anti-logging protest.
2001 – Mark Oliver Gebel, a Ringling Bros. Circus star, went on trial for animal abuse. The charges stemmed from an incident with an elephant that was marching too slowly into a circus performance on August 25, 2001. He was acquitted on December 21, 2001.
2001 – A fire damaged New York City’s St. John Cathedral. The cathedral is the largest in the United States.
2001 – In Seattle, WA, Gary Leon Ridgeway pled innocent to the charge of murder for four of the Green River serial killings. He had been arrested on November 30, 2001.
2002 – Nine competing designs for the World Trade Center site were unveiled. The Lower Manhattan Development Corp. expected to choose a design by January 31, 2003.
2003 – Adam Rich was arrested for driving onto a closed section of Interstate 10 and nearly struck a California Highway Patrol car.
2009 – General Motors announced that it would shut down its Saab brand.
2009 – A Paris court ruled that Google was breaking French law with its policy of digitizing books and fined the company a $14,300-a-day fine until it rids its search engine of the literary extracts.
2010 – James Cameron’s movie “Avatar” was released in the United States. On January 26, the movie became the highest-grossing film worldwide.
Joseph Grimaldi 1778
Saki (Hector Hugh Munro) 1870
Paul Klee 1879
Ty Cobb 1886 – Baseball player
Edwin Howard Armstrong 1890
George Stevens 1904
Christopher Fry 1907
Abe Burrows 1910
Willy Brandt 1913
Betty Grable 1916
Lynn Bari 1917
Ossie Davis 1917 – Actor
Anita O’Day (Colton) 1919
Roger Smith 1925 – Actor
Lonnie Brooks 1933 – Blues musician
Chas (Bryan) Chandler (Animals) 1938 – Musician and manager
Sam Andrew 1941 – Musician (Big Brother and the Holding Company)
Alan Rudolph 1943 – Writer and director
Keith Richards 1943 – Musician (Rolling Stones) – Rolling Stones Apparel and Gear
Steven Spielberg 1947 Movie producer-director
Leonard Maltin 1950 – Movie reviewer
Gillian Armstrong 1950 – Movie director
Martha Johnson (Martha and the Muffins) 1950
Elliot Easton 1953 – Musician (The Cars)
Ray Liotta 1955 – Actor
Brad Pitt 1963 Actor
Robson Green 1964
Tracy Byrd 1966 – Singer
DMX 1970 – Rapper
Arantxa Sanchez Vicario 1971 – Tennis player
Katie Holmes 1978 – Actress (“Dawson’s Creek”)
Christina María Aguilera 1980 – Singer
1737 – Antonio Stradivari, died in Cremona, Italy. He is recognized as the most renowned violin maker in history.
1786 – Opera composer Baron Karl von Weberwas born.
1860 – Composer Edward Alexander MacDowell was born.
1892 – Tchaikovsky’s “The Nutcracker Suite” publicly premiered in St. Petersburg, Russia.
1920 – Conductor Arturo Toscanini made his first recording for Victor Records.
1934 – Willie Smith sang with Jimmy Lunceford and his Orchestra on “Rhythm is Our Business.”
1961 – Britain’s EMI Records rejected the Beatles. They later signed them. Today in Beatles History – Beatles apparel and gear
1964 – Funeral services were held in Chicago for Sam Cooke.
1965 – U.S. Army Staff Sergeant Barry Sadler recorded “Ballad of the Green Berets.”
1971 – Jerry Lee Lewis and his cousin Myra Brown were divorced. They were married when she was 13 years old. Jerry Lewis Store
1975 – Rod Stewart announced that he was leaving Faces for a solo career.
1981 – About 35 million people watched a Rod Stewart concert via satellite. The broadcast was televised in 23 countries.
1983 – Keith Richards and model Patti Hansen were married.
1984 – Madonna’s “Like a Virgin was the No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit. The song was Madonna’s first No. 1 hit.
1997 – Tori Amos, offered 14 music videos, including a rare clip of “Cornflake Girl,” for viewing over the Internet as part of a holiday charity effort for the Rape, Abuse and Incest National Network (RAINN). Users were allowed access to the clips for a four week period in exchange for a donation of $5.
1999 – Prince recorded “Rave Un2 The Joy 2000” at Paisley Park Studios.
2001 – Tommy Lee (Motley Crue) won a court battle with ex-wife Pamela Anderson. Anderson had filed the suit to gain full custody of the couple’s two children. The judge denied a request by Anderson’s lawyers to require monitoring of Lee’s visits. Motley Crue Store
2003 – In Santa Maria, CA, Michael Jackson was charged with seven counts of molesting a child under 14 and two counts of supplying the child with “an intoxicating agent.” Jackson’s lawyer denounced the allegations and said they were driven by money and revenge.
Have a great week, Joe